ANCIENT SITES IN WEST CRETE
Crete, with layer upon layer of civilization, accordingly there are many ancient sites all over the island to visit. You will not find many Minoan remains in West Crete, at the most a few walls here and there (for example in Kanevaro St. in Chania where you can see the excavations of four Minoan villas). Roman and Hellenistic ruins are more widespread but few excavations have been conducted, meaning that most ancient sites do not offer much to see to the visitor. The following places are however worth a visit.
Situated above the bay of Souda, east of Chania, Aptera used to be a very large city. It was founded by the Mycenaeans (although there is evidence of late Minoan civilization). The area covered by Aptera is very large and only a few excavations have taken place so far. The ruins are from different periods: enormous Roman cisterns, foundations of a Demeter temple, a Dorian temple, a Hellenistic Apollo temple are interspersed with a Byzantine cloister and a large Turkish castle. The view from Aptera is worth the journey: to the north (from the castle) you can see the whole of the Souda bay and to the south the White Mountains.
Situated about 58 kms west of Chania, Falassarna is best known for its nice beach and very clean sea. To the north of the beach (10 minutes on foot), you can see the remains of an ancient harbour dating back to the late Minoan period. The settlement was inhabited during the Hellenistic and Roman period and was probably abandoned when the island moved upwards by several meters. The harbour is now almost 6 meters above the sea level.
Situated about 6 km inland from Kastelli, above the village of Polirinia, the Dorians built a large town in the 6th century BC on top of a steep hill. Kissamos (the present day Kastelli) was its harbour. There is not much left of the ancient town - only a few walls, some graves and the ruins of temples - overshadowed by the ruins of a Venetian castle - but it is really worth a visit because of the splendid panoramic view of the whole gulf of Kissamos. There is a very pleasant taverna just below the archaeological site and the view from its terrace is one of the best in West Crete, especially at sunset.
Situated about one hour by foot to the west of Sougia, Lissos was an important coastal settlement inhabited through the Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine periods. Lissos was famous for its healing spring. There are a number of ruins to be seen, especially the small Asklepios (the Greco-Roman god of healing) temple which was famous throughout the region. You can still see a well preserved mosaic floor in it. The whole area is full of ruins, many of them hidden by the vegetation. On the western side of the valley of Lissos are about 20 small houses with arched ceilings covered in red roof tiles which are supposed to be Roman graves.